We commonly associate acne with adolescence, that awkward period of growth when the body’s hormone system is overactive, creating imbalances. Most teenagers outgrow acne, but some find it follows them into adulthood. In addition, individuals who never suffered from acne before may suddenly find themselves staring at a pimple.
Adult Acne occurs when the hair follicles become blogged with oil (sebum) and dead skin cells. When this happens, bacteria can thrive and lead to inflammations and skin eruptions we know as acne. In severe cases, the skin is particularly susceptible to damage and scarring.
What causes adult acne? It is often difficult to pick the exact cause. Dr. Paul Jarrod Frank often identifies the following factors as main contributors to adult breakouts.
- Stress, exacerbated by poor diet. The skin can be very sensitive to both internal and environmental changes. Stress and an unbalanced lifestyle can be a trigger for acne.
- Hormones. Just as in the teenage years, fluctuating hormones can potentially be an acne-causing culprit–especially in adult women. Contraception pills and menopause affect hormone levels and can cause skin problems.
- Medications. Some medications, such as lithium, anti-seizure drugs, and corticosteroids, may affect the skin adversely and prompt flare ups.
Treatments for Adult Acne
Adult acne can be frustrating and erode self-confidence. Fortunately, there are some excellent treatments available that can help bring active acne under control. Dr. Paul Jarrod Frank, a top-rated cosmetic dermatologist and founder of the 5th Avenue Dermatology Surgery and Laser Center in Manhattan, often recommends a combination of treatments that can include LED Light Acne Therapy, Isolaz laser and Photodynamic therapy as well as oral and/or topical medications.
If your adult acne has caused scarring, Dr. Frank can minimize their appearance with a combination of Fraxel Restore Dual, Fraxel Repair and Silicone Microinjections. Click here to learn more about acne scar treatments.