Category Archives: Acne

Top 3 Treatments for Summertime Acne & Breakouts

New York City Summer Climate and Acne

During the summer months, New York City sparkles with life: outdoor concerts in the park, sidewalk cafés, street fairs and markets.  Yet the hot, humid weather can wreak havoc on acne-prone skin.  Why does summertime skin tend to have more blemishes? In short, there is a correlation between hot weather and bacteria thriving in clogged pores.

Breaking Out during the Summer

Walk out the door on a New York City Summer day and you will feel the sweat beads start to form. Sweat is the body’s mechanism to keep the body temperature in equilibrium. Unfortunately, under certain conditions excessive sweating also can lead to clogged pores. When the pores are clogged, they start to stockpile excess oil (sebum), conditions that are ideal for acne-causing bacteria to grow. Throw in some city air and you have a special formula for flare ups.

When it comes to treating summer flare ups, there is an extra consideration: the sun. Many topical (retinoids) and oral medications (antibiotics) used to combat acne increase the skin’s sensitivity to UV radiation. This increases the risk of sunburns, which can premature aging and skin cancer. So it is important to follow a nourishing anti-acne skincare routine and take additional steps to protect the skin from the summer sun.

Skincare Tips to Treat Summer Acne

Dr. Paul Jarrod Frank, a leading New York board-certified dermatologist, recommends using a gentle, non-drying, daily cleanser that contains salicylic acid, which can heal blemished skin and help prevent future breakouts. Do not pick at pimples or blackheads–doing so can worsen the problem and potentially lead to scarring.

Dr. Frank offers a range of treatments for acne. His most popular treatments include:

  • Clear & Bright Pads. Soaked in a liquid that contains alpha (glycolic and lactic) and beta (salicylic) hydroxy acids, these medicated pads combat acne, but are gentle enough to use every day. The pads exfoliate the skin, removing dead skin cells to reveal a brighter complexion.
  • ClearSpot Concealer. To reduce inflammation and minimize redness, Dr. Frank recommends this effective product to conceal active acne.
  • LED Light Therapy. A series of LED light therapy treatments can calm acne and kill bacteria. Ideal for the summer time when laser may not be an option.

If the New York summer climate is exacerbating your acne, Dr. Frank can formulate a comprehensive skincare plan to reduce inflammation, promote healing, and prevent future breakouts. Based on the overall condition of your skin, he will design a customized skincare routine that will help your skin glow. Contact his Manhattan office to schedule a consultation.

Filed in Acne, Wrinkles

I’m Over 30 – How To Avoid Acne?

We commonly associate acne with adolescence, that awkward period of growth when the body’s hormone system is overactive, creating imbalances. Most teenagers outgrow acne, but some find it follows them into adulthood. In addition, individuals who never suffered from acne before may suddenly find themselves staring at a pimple.

Adult Acne occurs when the hair follicles become blogged with oil (sebum) and dead skin cells. When this happens, bacteria can thrive and lead to inflammations and skin eruptions we know as acne. In severe cases, the skin is particularly susceptible to damage and scarring.

What causes adult acne? It is often difficult to pick the exact cause. Dr. Paul Jarrod Frank often identifies the following factors as main contributors to adult breakouts.

  • Stress, exacerbated by poor diet. The skin can be very sensitive to both internal and environmental changes. Stress and an unbalanced lifestyle can be a trigger for acne.
  • Hormones. Just as in the teenage years, fluctuating hormones can potentially be an acne-causing culprit–especially in adult women. Contraception pills and menopause affect hormone levels and can cause skin problems.
  • Medications. Some medications, such as lithium, anti-seizure drugs, and corticosteroids, may affect the skin adversely and prompt flare ups.

Treatments for Adult Acne

Adult acne can be frustrating and erode self-confidence. Fortunately, there are some excellent treatments available that can help bring active acne under control. Dr. Paul Jarrod Frank, a top-rated cosmetic dermatologist and founder often recommends a combination of treatments that can include LED Light Acne Therapy, Isolaz laser and Photodynamic therapy as well as oral and/or topical medications.

If your adult acne has caused scarring, Dr. Frank can minimize their appearance with a combination of Fraxel Restore Dual, Fraxel Repair and Silicone Microinjections. Click here to learn more about acne scar treatments.



Filed in Acne

Rosacea and Your Environment

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that is generally apparent on the cheeks and the nose as red, flushed patches. In many cases, it also resembles acne which leads many people to ignore it for long assuming it to be nothing more than bad acne flare-ups. However, although rosacea may resemble acne from an angle, the reality is that it is something very different.

Rosacea mainly targets the face over other parts of the body and it appears in various forms.

Here are some examples:

  • Facial reddening
  • Eye irritation
  • Pimples and bumps
  • Skin thickening

As far as facial reddening is concerned, it is something that mainly affects people that are prone to blushing. This is usually the earliest and weakest form where after blushing or flushing, some redness remains on the face. Next, we have the ocular form of rosacea which causes redness, itching, and a burning sensation to the eyes. This can lead to the eyes appearing to be bloodshot or watery.

The pimples and bumps appear when rosacea has fully settled in. Many times the pimples are pus filled and it is at this point that they resemble acne. But unlike acne, rosacea does not bring about any blackheads. Lastly, the skin thickening normally appears on the nose and usually affects men more than women.

Rosacea is something which comes and goes and it gets triggered off due to various reasons.

So, keeping in mind the effects of rosacea and your environment, the following elements are found to be some common triggers:

  • Exposure to the sun
  • Hot weather
  • Strenuous exercises
  • Certain foodstuffs, such as spicy foods and caffeine among many others
  • Stress
  • Cold wind

Regardless, these triggers differ from one individual to the next. Thus, it is likely that you may have one or more factors which trigger your rosacea and this is something you have to keep track of yourself. Once you have a list of what causes your rosacea to flare-up, you can then make a plan to avoid or best deal with those factors.

Rosacea cannot be completely cured, but it can be kept in check via certain lifestyle changes and medications such as oral and topical antibiotics or through the usage of the V-Beam Laser Treatment for patients with permanent redness caused by broken or dilated blood vessels.

If you are suffering from rosacea, you are welcomed to book a consultation with Dr. Paul Jarrod Frank. He will be able to determine what forms of rosacea you have and what treatments are best for you.

Filed in Acne, V-Beam Laser

Is Acne Genetic?

18661251_sAcne is a skin condition that usually comes in the form of red pimples, but can also be accompanied by blackheads and whiteheads. It is caused by the small sebaceous glands which lie just beneath the skin; these glands secrete sebum (a type of oil) which moistens and protects the skin. Unfortunately, sometimes the pores through which this oil reaches the face get blocked and causes the sebum to build up beneath the skin. This in turn produces inflammation of the skin and you end up having unattractive red pimples.

Most commonly, acne appears on the face before any other part of the body and it normally affects teenagers as they hit puberty. For some people, it lasts a short while, but for others, it can stay with them throughout their lives.

So, why is it that some people have to deal with acne for the rest of their lives while others don’t? Does it have anything to do with their genetic makeup? In short, the answer is yes.

Now, while there are no definite and indisputable proofs to establish that acne is influenced by genes, there is a very high likelihood that our genes play a big role in this. And for many doctors, that’s enough evidence to say that acne does have correlation with hereditary.

Besides genes, there are various other factors which also affect the outbreak of acne. Some of them are as follows:

  • Diet: This is also something which is unconfirmed. However, it has been noted that certain foods can cause acne to appear more often. Therefore, care should be taken with regards to food items with high carbohydrates (like sweets, breads, and cereals) and dairy products (such as milk, cheese, and butter).
  • Cleanliness: An unclean face is a home for bacteria. If proper hygiene is not maintained, acne will always be a problem. It is important to always use clean clothes and other items which come in contact with our face, such as towels and pillow cases.
  • Hormones: For both men and women, their hormonal changes can and does usually affect their acne problems. For men, the hormone known as testosterone causes the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum than usual. This can cause an increase in acne after doing anything which increases testosterone, such as exercising and certain medications.

Women also have testosterone, albeit to a lesser degree than men. A few days prior to a woman’s menstrual period, estrogen and progesterone drop lower than her testosterone levels. Therefore, women can expect a higher probability of acne breaking out during those times.

Dr. Paul Jarrod Frank offers the following two treatments for acne: Isolaz™ Pore Purification Laser and Photodynamic Therapy.

  • Isolaz™ is a quick and painless procedure and the results of it show after two to four days. It cleans the pores, kills the acne causing bacteria, and is great for treating blackheads and whiteheads.
  • Photodynamic Therapy focuses on long term results and normally requires two to three treatments to ensure that you will remain acne free for months.

Both treatments have their pros and cons, so it is best to consult with Dr. Frank to find out which one is suitable for your needs. You can reach out to him using the contact page on this website.

Filed in Acne


Just when you thought the acne of your teens and 20s was over, a sudden outburst of pimples and breakouts is wreaking havoc on your skin unexpectedly in your 30s and 40s. As hormones begin to shift in a woman’s 30s, it is common to experience changes in the skin including pigment and acne. Hormonal acne is frequently concentrated on the lower part of the face around the chin and jaw line. Facial hair often accompanies hormonal changes which can add fuel to the fire creating infected hair follicles as hair will often grow in thicker particularly around the chin.

Fortunately, there is a protocol of care to help treat this condition beyond conventional therapy of oral anti-biotics, and topical medications. One prescription medication in particular called Spironolactone is most successful in treating hormonal acne. Spironolactone is actually a blood pressure medication which in smaller doses is proven to successfully treat hormonal acne by blocking the androgen that stimulates the production of excess hormones which produce acne. Occasionally, a routine blood test may be ordered to confirm a hormonal imbalance. While Spironolactone can take 4-6 weeks to work, it will reset one’s hormones, which in turn solves the acne problem.

Once hormonal imbalances are in check, reducing the hair permanently will reduce the breakouts so that hair follicles do not get infected leading to cystic acne. Within 4-6 treatments of Laser Hair Removal, hair is removed permanently. Fraxel Laser treatments are also beneficial as it reduces the pore size, which affects acne as well as reducing pigmentation. With the appropriate course of action and awareness of when and why acne is occurring, skin can remain clear and free of change during the time when the rest of the body is not.

Filed in Acne, Fraxel Restore Dual®/Repair®, Fraxel Thulium™, Laser Hair Removal